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11 Phrases You Must Know Proper Now

Information in regards to the coronavirus outbreak is available in quick and livid—the phrases and knowledge could be overwhelming, advanced and typically complicated. What’s the distinction between quarantine and isolation, and what do public well being officers imply precisely after they discuss phrases like novel virus and COVID-19? Understanding these and different phrases is vital to staying knowledgeable, so that you and your loved ones can keep secure and wholesome. We’re right here to clear up the confusion and outline 11 essential phrases it’s essential to know proper now.

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Coronavirus vs. Novel Virus vs. COVID-19

coronavirus terms


It’s not only one kind of virus; it’s a big household of viruses that may make animals and other people sick, explains the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC). There are a number of coronaviruses identified to trigger respiratory infections in human, starting from the widespread chilly to extra extreme illnesses. “Corona” refers back to the crown-like spikes on the floor of the virus.

Novel Virus

The CDC explains that “Novel” merely means “new,” due to this fact a novel virus is a brand new pressure that hasn’t been beforehand recognized. The virus inflicting the present outbreak is a novel coronavirus.


That’s the abbreviated title of the sickness attributable to the newly found coronavirus. “The brand new title of this illness is coronavirus illness 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19. In COVID-19, ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ and ‘D’ for illness,” says the CDC.

Epidemic vs. Pandemic



An epidemic is an outbreak of a illness that spreads rapidly and all of the sudden and impacts a lot of folks in a neighborhood, inhabitants or area, says the CDC.


In keeping with the Affiliation for Professionals in An infection Management and Epidemiology (APIC), a pandemic is a worldwide outbreak. An epidemic can develop into a pandemic when a illness spreads over a number of international locations or continents, explains the CDC. “On March 11th, 2020, the World Well being Group formally modified its designation of COVID-19, the sickness attributable to a coronavirus, from an epidemic to a pandemic,” says Merriam-Webster.

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Individual-to-Individual vs. Neighborhood Unfold

community spread terms

Individual-to-Individual Unfold

“COVID-19 is assumed to unfold primarily by way of shut contact from person-to-person in respiratory droplets from somebody who’s contaminated,” says the CDC. They clarify that when an contaminated individual coughs, sneezes or talks, small droplets are launched into the air and might find yourself within the nostril, mouth or lungs of somebody shut by.  Some research present that it could even be unfold by individuals who aren’t displaying signs.

Neighborhood Unfold

Generally the precise trigger or supply of the an infection is unknown. In keeping with the CDC, neighborhood unfold is when somebody will get the virus in an space with out realizing how or the place they turned contaminated. Merriam-Webster defines neighborhood unfold as, “the unfold of a contagious illness to people in a specific geographic location who haven’t any identified contact with different contaminated people or who haven’t just lately traveled to an space the place the illness has any documented instances.”

Social Distancing vs. Social Isolation vs. Quarantine

social distancing terms

Social Distancing

Lowering and avoiding face-to-face contact is likely one of the finest methods to keep away from being uncovered to the virus and gradual its unfold, says the CDC. Social distancing doesn’t imply you must keep indoors always. However whenever you do step outdoors for train or grocery procuring, you must preserve distance between your self and other people outdoors your private home—no less than six ft of distance, in line with public well being consultants. Don’t collect in teams, keep out of crowded areas and keep away from mass gatherings, suggests the CDC.

Social Isolation

The operative phrase is to isolate (or separate) sick folks from wholesome folks, says the CDC. In case you are contaminated with the virus, you must keep house and separate your self right into a “sick” bed room or different house, if potential.


This serves the identical objective as social isolation. Nonetheless, it’s used for individuals who may need been uncovered to COVID-19 to see in the event that they develop into sick, explains the CDC. They clarify that quarantine, “separates and restricts the motion of people that had been uncovered to a contagious illness” so that they don’t unknowingly infect another person.

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Correct Handwashing

hand washing terms

The final however definitely not the least of our phrases is correct handwashing. Conserving your arms clear is likely one of the handiest methods to assist stop the virus from spreading. Keep away from touching your eyes, nostril and mouth with unwashed arms. Be sure you wash them usually, particularly after you’ve gotten been in a public place or after blowing your nostril, coughing or sneezing. Right here’s the right solution to wash your arms, in line with the CDC:

Moist your arms with clear heat or chilly water.
Apply cleaning soap to your arms and rub them collectively to lather the cleaning soap. Be sure you get the backs of your arms, between your fingers and below nails.
Proceed rubbing your arms collectively for no less than 20 seconds. “Want a timer? Hum the “Pleased Birthday” music from starting to finish twice,” recommends the CDC.
Rinse the cleaning soap off of your arms with clear, working water.
Use a clear towel to dry your arms. You too can permit them to air dry.
Should you don’t have entry to cleaning soap and clear water, use a hand sanitizer that accommodates no less than 60% alcohol.

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*In case you are experiencing any signs or have any health-related questions pertaining to COVID-19, you should definitely seek the advice of together with your physician and observe the CDC pointers.